Failing Education Pattern, Rising Unemployment; India Amidst Crisis

The Indian education system (both school and colleges) has eternally been a subject of discussion. The country still supports an old-fashioned arrangement of the education system in the schools and colleges, which is unquestionably not effective in today’s competitive environment.

Compared to the International education system the Indian education differs contrastingly. The Indian Education system focuses more on teaching theories, leaving no time for practical application of the acquired knowledge. This kind of system leaves no space for creativity with the use of acquired knowledge. While on the other hand, our counterparts from the foreign nations pay more attention to practical testing of the theories taught to children, which builds confidence among children to muster their courage and be creative with their education. This deficiency of practical experience is the reason, our youth is under confident despite their unmatched potential.

According to an article published on Livemint, a survey conducted by the employment evaluation company, “Aspiring Minds” claims that 95% of engineering candidates are not qualified for the programming jobs they are doing. The survey which was conducted with 36,000 engineering students hailing from 500 colleges in India including the IIT’s, NIIT’s and the other B school. In this survey, the students were asked to Automata — a machine learning-based assessment of software development skills — and over two-thirds could not even write code that compiles. Needless to say, the study result left a bad taste in the mouth.

If this wasn’t enough criticism of the Indian Education system, an another article, a study by the Annual Education Education Report (ASER) which follows the overall education level among the students of the Indian school that claimed, “One in two Indian students can’t read books meant for three classes below”.

These two studies collectively placed the Indian education arrangement amidst inevitable question and doubts on its viability to render all the essential specifications for strong survival in this dog-eat-dog era.

But, is the education arrangement the only thing that is to be blamed for the poor quality of education or less qualified youth? Though, it’s clear as crystal that Indian subcontinent has to ditch the ancient arrangement and adopt a new, more effective arrangement that is in sync with the distinct requirements of the current throat-cutting era. Along with a new education arrangement, it is also important that the higher authorities encourage the schools to pay more attention towards the overall personality development, and create more opportunities for practical learning.

But, the question still stands, is it only the Indian Education pattern who we should blame? Is it? No! It isn’t the only culprit. As witnessed in schools and colleges, the kind of culture that prevails, somewhere the Indian students and the teachers are also to be accused. In India, the government schools are responsible to educate more than half the population of the nation, yet, the teachers here are the most irresponsible one. It has been frequently reported that even though all of the teachers receive whole wages, maximum of the teachers are dropping out from the schools throughout the working hours. The concerned authorities, being cognizant to the misconduct, have failed to take action against the defaulters. The government schools are deficient of over 1 lakh teachers, yet, the authorities don’t pay a heed to the issue. Multiple policies have been introduced by the respective state governments to increase the enrollment of children in school, but, there ain’t any to ensure that the children are learning the very basics of reading and numeracy. The same happens in the colleges. The students display a very careless attitude towards their higher level education, with a substantial number of students failing to attend the colleges regularly.

Another reason can be the unjustifiable reservations by the Indian government. Though it’s not incorrect to let the unprivileged children enjoy a little help from the government in form of reservation in schools and colleges. Yet, the truth is, the reservation isn’t enjoyed by those who truly deserve it and it is apparently being abused in India. The deserved ones fail to get the right education, whereas, the underserved ones, corrupted by the reservation policies, leverage it to run over the deserved ones.

India is facing a crisis, and the number of unemployed youth is going to advance to a greater level gradually. The recent layoffs which commenced in 2016 is an evidence to that. The Indian IT and BPO industry’s trade association, Nasscom, has lowered the industry’s growth projections for 2016-17 to 8-10% from its earlier projections of 10-12% suggesting a drop of hirings by 20%. Until now, automation of the IT sector was narrowing employment possibilities in the IT sector, and now Trump has added to the misery. In 2016, Infosys alone had axed over 9,000 employees. Earlier last year, Cisco had announced that it would layoff 14,000 employees starting 2017. IBM and Microsoft were also in the news in 2016 for similar reasons.

The upgrade is really imminent according to the instant circumstances. Mr. Trump, with his policies like the revision of H1B visa, has overall shaken the IT sector. Trump’s stance on immigration could lead to a change in H1B visa rules. Experts say the Trump administration is also planning to increase the wage limit to $100,000, to prevent low-wage IT workers from India replace American workers. Also, the Trump’s ‘Buy American, hire American’ policy through which he wants American citizens to buy products that are manufactured locally and American companies to hire locals has created stress in the IT industry.

As many are aware, the Indian IT and ITeS industries, which draw a major part of their earnings—60% and upwards—from the US market, are suffering due to the reduction of outsourcing spends by the US companies, Trump becoming the US president has raised a warning. Information technology (IT) companies in India are in the midst of the industry’s largest retrenchment drive, with seven of the biggest IT firms planning to ask at least 56,000 engineers to leave this year.The seven companies—Infosys Ltd, Wipro Ltd, Tech Mahindra Ltd, HCL Technologies Ltd, US-based Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp. and DXC Technology Co., and France-based Cap Gemini SA—and which together employ 1.24 million people. The number is at least twice the employees laid off by the companies last year, reflecting their under-preparedness in adapting to newer technologies and dealing with the fallout from US President Donald Trump’s protectionist policies.

The plight has just begun and soon it’s not going to be limited to the IT sector. Each commercial sector in India is going to suffer the consequences, thus, we must remain combat-ready.

India is in its rainy days, so the question is, how far the laid back approach of Indian education system, the teachers, the students, and the administration tolerable? India, it’s high time, let’s act before it’s too late.

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